Study Agriculture in Canada after 12th
Agriculture is the science of cultivating plants and livestock to produce food, fiber, fuels, and raw materials. Modern-day agriculture has seen many changes, including hydroponics, plant breeding, hybridization, gene manipulation, improvement in weed control, and better management of soil nutrients. It has gone way beyond the traditional production of food and fiber. The practice of agriculture is known as farming, and it has several types.
Disciplines of Agriculture
- Soil and Water Science
It is the study of soil and water resources that are useful in addressing many challenges of ecosystems, including agricultural, forested, range, urban, and wetlands.
- Plant Science
Plant science, also called botany, is the science of plant life. It is the observation of plants in all their forms and their relationship with the environment.
- Animal Science
It is the study of the biology of animals that are under the control of humankind. It includes everything from livestock and poultry management to breeding and genetics. One can also define it as the production and management of farm animals.
- Food Science
Food science is the study of physical, biological, and chemical aspects of the food system. It helps in determining the concepts of food processing and the causes of food deterioration.
- Agricultural Engineering
It is an integration of technology with farming that deals with the design, construction, and improvement of farming equipment and machinery.
- Agricultural Economics
It is an applied field of economics that deals with the production, distribution, and utilization of farming resources and goods.
Major subjects covered in Agriculture
While majoring in agriculture, students will cover the subjects mentioned below:
- Soil Science
- Plant Breeding
- Crop Improvement
- Seed Production
Study Agriculture in Canada- colleges, and universities
Canada is one of the strongest economies in the world. Canadian universities and colleges provide top-level education and are some of the most welcoming to international students.
Students can study agriculture in Canada after the 12th by applying to colleges and universities offering a degree in agriculture. Some of the best colleges and universities are:
- University of Manitoba
- University of Saskatchewan
- Niagara College
- Lethbridge College
- Sault College
Who can study agriculture in Canada?
Agriculture science involves research and development work in all fields, including poverty, famine, environmental sustainability, and many more. Students who are keen on working in biological and environmental sectors can major in agriculture.
Entry requirements: Students can study agriculture after their 12th medical. Those who have completed their 12th with PCB(Physics, Chemistry, Biology) with 65% academics overall are eligible to study agriculture in Canada.
Study in Canada – Programs of Agriculture
Agronomy is the science and technology of producing and utilizing plants in agriculture for food, fuel, fiber, and land restoration.
• Applied Plant Ecology
It covers a broad range of disciplines in the natural and semi-natural ecosystem such as forests, grasslands, and wetlands. It is the science of maintaining, protecting, and improving the health of ecosystems.
• Crop Science
Crop science is the study of food, feed, and fiber crops and their environment. It involves studying biological systems, soil, plants, biodiversity, field management, climate, and more.
• Agricultural Biotechnology
Agricultural biotechnology involves a range of traditional breeding techniques to make or modify products, improve plants and animals, or develop microorganisms for specific agricultural purposes.
• Sustainable Agriculture and Food System
Sustainable agriculture and food system major helps in developing a thorough understanding of the food cycle from farm to table by focusing on the social, economic, and environmental aspects of agriculture.
Agribusiness is the business that involves the production, processing, distribution, and marketing of the product to fulfill the needs of the consumer.
It deals with garden crops, generally fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. It incorporates both the signs and aesthetics of plants.
Job Opportunities in Canada
After completing the course of agriculture, students either go for an internship or apply for a job in Canada. Some of the job portfolios are as follows:
• Agronomy Manager
• Greenhouse Worker /Technician
• Crop Specialist
• Assistant Scientist
• Horticulture Manager
• Agriculture Analyst
• Agribusiness Underwriter
Pay Scale in Canada
The average agricultural salary in Canada is CAD 40,000 per year. Entry-level workers earn approximately CAD 23,400 per year, while most experienced workers make up to CAD 66,300 per year.